ABOUT ILO: The International Labor Organization (ILO) was founded in 1919 as part of the Treaty of Versailles, Its head office is in Geneva, Switzerland with 186 member states with a tripartite structure
The ILO’s original and most important task has been the development, promotion, and monitoring of international labour standards with the help of Governments, workers and employers. All the three groups are represented on almost all the deliberative organs of the ILO and share responsibility in conducting its work.
To date, the organization has created 190 globally applicable, legally binding »CONVENTIONS« and 206 legally non - binding »RECOMMENDATIONS« for the regulation of labour conditions.
CONVENTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS
International labour standards are legal instruments drawn up by the ILO's constituents (governments, employers and workers) and setting out basic principles and rights at work.
• They are either CONVENTIONS (basic principles to be implemented by ratifying countries) which are legally binding international treaties
RECOMMENDATIONS (supplements the convention by providing more detailed guidelines on how it could be applied), which serve as non-binding guidelines
CORE CONVENTIONS OF ILO AND CONVENTIONS ARE RATIFIED BY INDIA
There are 8 core conventions of ILO out of which 6 are ratified by India, these are
1. Forced Labor Convention (No. 29) – RATIFIED
2. Abolition of Forced Labor Convention (No.105) - RATIFIED
3. Equal Remuneration Convention (No.100)- RATIFIED
4. Discrimination (Employment Occupation) Convention (No.111)- RATIFIED
5. Minimum Age Convention (No.138) - RATIFIED
Article by PJ Mohan